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L'ITALIA NELLA STORIA

* 28 settembre 1464: Corrado da Fogliano diventa governatore di Genova per gli Sforza di Milano.

* 28 settembre 1938: inizia la Conferenza di Monaco tra Italia, Germania, Francia e Gran Bretagna.

INCIPIT L'inizio di ...

Abitiamo la terra

di Vladimir Maksimov

(Russia 1930-1995)

Per il quinto giorno consecutivo le piogge scorazzano e frugano sul tetto della nostra tenda. E benché il concetto di giorno, in quest’angolo di mondo in cui luce e notte s’avvicendano ogni sei mesi, sia molto ma molto relativo, la cosa non mi consola affatto, anzi…

Euro e Schengen

L'Euro (€) è la valuta ufficiale di 19 dei 27 paesi membri dell'Unione Europea. Questi paesi costituiscono la cosiddetta area dell'euro (o eurozona): Austria, Belgio, Cipro, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Germania, Grecia, Irlanda, Italia, Lettonia, Lituania, Lussemburgo, Malta, Paesi Bassi, Portogallo, … - LEGGI TUTTO

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Volti del Made in Italy

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Long history of Italy winds through splendours and decadence. The name Italy is used initially in the sixth century BC to indicate the area corresponding to today's southern Calabria. In the following century the historian Antiochus of Syracuse wrote an essay on Italy, which in the fourth century includes the current southern regions south of Paestum. At the beginning of the III century BC it also includes Campania and after the First Punic War it reaches the Arno and Esino rivers between Tuscany and the Marches…

In the days of Augustus geographically and politically it was similar to that of today. In 27 BC the first Roman emperor divided Italy into eleven regions Sicily and Sardinia were external provinces like the rest of the empire. Precise borders were fixed and in the territory of the current Principality of Monaco the Romans built the Turbia Trophy with the inscription: Huc usque Italy, abhinc Gallia (So far Italy, hence the Gaul).
Italy is described by Pliny the Elder in the third book of the Naturalis Historia (77 AD), where the geographical extension was affirmed from the seas to the Alps, with the final statement: "This is Italy sacred to the gods".

An official recognition of Italy, which also included Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica, occurred in 292, when the Italic Diocese was established by the emperor Diocletian. When the Roman Empire fell (476), Odoacre declared himself King of Italy, a title that then passed to the Ostrogoth Theodoric when he dismissed Odoacre (493). In the 6th century the Byzantine emperor Justinian reconquered Italy, which he considered not a province, but the "lady of the provinces" ("domina provinciarum").
The territorial unity was broken with the arrival of the Lombards (568), who placed the capital in Pavia, while the capital of the Byzantines was in Ravenna. Between the seventh and tenth centuries the name Italy was limited to a part of the traditional territory and in the south there was the Duchy of Italy, which then became the Duchy of Benevento, while in Piedmont there was the Marca of Italy.
The birth of the Holy Roman Empire, with Charlemagne (800), led to an organization of the imperial territories that also included the Kingdom of Italy. The decadence of the Christian empire led to the reduction of the territory to Germany and central-northern Italy. The Northern Municipalities rebelled against the German emperor and, helped by the Pope and Sicily, defeated Federico Barbarossa. The autonomy claimed by many cities led to the affirmation of free Municipalities and Maritime Republics. The last splendours of the Empire were with Frederick II, who became King of Italy and Sicily, supported the arts and encouraged the birth of the first Italian literature with the Sicilian School.
At the time of Dante Alighieri Italy, in addition to the territorial significance, acquired a cultural and linguistic meaning; in the following centuries the historical and geographical individuality of Italy progressively became established and the anxiety of political unity emerged. From the fourteenth century the Italian language gradually spread and replaced Latin as the official language of the various Italian states. Italian pride emerged in many historical events, such as the Challenge of Barletta in 1503: thirteen Italian knights challenged thirteen French knights who had denigrated Italians.
In the seventeenth century Italy was in a phase of decline with the Spanish domination, which was followed by the Austrian domination. In the eighteenth century the project of a political unity of Italy was relaunched and at the end of the century the first signs of the Risorgimento appeared. In 1797 in Reggio Emilia, in the Cispadana Republic created by Napoleone, the tricolor flag was adopted and then became the flag of Italy. The Roman Republic (1798) and the Neapolitan Republic (1799) also are considered among the first signs of the Risorgimento.
The birth of the Italian State was anticipated in the Napoleonic period by the Italian Republic (1802) and the Kingdom of Italy (1805-1814). The Risorgimento epic, with great passions, revolutionary movements and wars of independence, led to the birth of the Kingdom of Italy March 17, 1861: the capital became Turin, Vittorio Emanuele II was proclaimed king of Italy.
Veneto returned to Italy after the third War of Independence (1866); Rome and Lazio joined the new state in 1870 and the following year Rome became the capital; Trentino, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Istria and Fiume became part of the Kingdom of Italy after the First world war. The defeat in the Second World War resulted in the loss of Istria and Dalmatia and triggered the persecution of Italians by the former Yugoslavia with the tragedy of the sinkholes. The territorial affair ended in 1954 with the return of Trieste to Italy. (Felice d’Adamo)

"Italia Italy" post

«Facciamo più quello che è giusto, invece di quello che ci conviene. Educhiamo i figli ad essere onesti, non furbi». (Tiziano Terzani, giornalista e scrittore, Firenze 1938-2004)

EXPLICIT La fine di ...

La roba

di Giovanni Verga

(Vizzini-Catania 1840-1922)

… Sicché quando gli dissero che era tempo di lasciare la sua roba per pensare all’anima, uscì nel cortile come un pazzo, barcollando, e andava ammazzando a colpi di bastone le sue anitre e i suoi tacchini, e strillava: - Roba mia, vientene con me!

«Italiani» senza Italia

Non c’era ancora l’Italia, ma c’erano gli italiani. Nel Decameron di Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375) per la prima volta si parla esplicitamente di italiani, nella nona novella della seconda giornata. L’allegra brigata, che si era allontanata dalla città per sfuggire alla grande peste del Trecento ... - LEGGI TUTTO

Galleria degli Artisti

Test 5 Storia del '900

 

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