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Generazione Erasmus

L’Europa è nata dai pellegrinaggi medioevali, secondo il poeta tedesco Goethe, ma oggi vive e si sviluppa grazie a scelte lungimiranti che riassumono i valori di una lunghissima tradizione. I giovani della Generazione Erasmus, che viaggiano e studiano in paesi diversi, sono un valore per l'Europa, come le … - LEGGI TUTTO

Accadde oggi ...

L'ITALIA NELLA STORIA

* 22 gennaio 1506: arriva a Roma il primo contingente di Guardie Svizzere che si occuperanno della sicurezza del papa.

* 22 gennaio 1944: inizio dell'Operazione Shingle durante la Seconda guerra mondiale per lo sbarco ad Anzio.

INCIPIT L'inizio di ...

L’uomo che allevava i gatti

di Mo' Yan

(Cina 1955-*)

Un fascio di luce dorata lo inondò, mentre si toglieva il fucile dalla spalla con la mano destra priva di indice. Il sole al tramonto scendeva velocissimo, descrivendo un arco perfetto, e nei campi riecheggiava frammentario un suono simile al riflusso della marea, accompagnato da un respiro triste, a tratti intenso, a tratti debole. Facendo grande attenzione appoggiò il fucile sul terreno coperto di chiazze di muschio della dimensione di monete di rame. Nel deporre l’arma, osservò la terra umida e un immensa tristezza gli serrò il sudore...

Grandi eventi

Cara italia, ...

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The long history of Italy winds through splendours and decadence. The name Italy is used initially in the sixth century BC to indicate the area corresponding to today's southern Calabria. In the following century the historian Antiochus of Syracuse wrote an essay on Italy, which in the fourth century includes the current southern regions south of Paestum. At the beginning of the III century BC it also includes Campania and after the First Punic War it reaches the Arno and Esino rivers between Tuscany and the Marches…

In the days of Augustus geographically and politically it was similar to that of today. In 27 BC the first Roman emperor divided Italy into eleven regions Sicily and Sardinia were external provinces like the rest of the empire. Precise borders were fixed and in the territory of the current Principality of Monaco the Romans built the Turbia Trophy with the inscription: Huc usque Italy, abhinc Gallia (So far Italy, hence the Gaul).
Italy is described by Pliny the Elder in the third book of the Naturalis Historia (77 AD), where the geographical extension was affirmed from the seas to the Alps, with the final statement: "This is Italy sacred to the gods".

An official recognition of Italy, which also included Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica, occurred in 292, when the Italic Diocese was established by the emperor Diocletian. When the Roman Empire fell (476), Odoacre declared himself King of Italy, a title that then passed to the Ostrogoth Theodoric when he dismissed Odoacre (493). In the 6th century the Byzantine emperor Justinian reconquered Italy, which he considered not a province, but the "lady of the provinces" ("domina provinciarum").
The territorial unity was broken with the arrival of the Lombards (568), who placed the capital in Pavia, while the capital of the Byzantines was in Ravenna. Between the seventh and tenth centuries the name Italy was limited to a part of the traditional territory and in the south there was the Duchy of Italy, which then became the Duchy of Benevento, while in Piedmont there was the Marca of Italy.
The birth of the Holy Roman Empire, with Charlemagne (800), led to an organization of the imperial territories that also included the Kingdom of Italy. The decadence of the Christian empire led to the reduction of the territory to Germany and central-northern Italy. The Northern Municipalities rebelled against the German emperor and, helped by the Pope and Sicily, defeated Federico Barbarossa. The autonomy claimed by many cities led to the affirmation of free Municipalities and Maritime Republics. The last splendours of the Empire were with Frederick II, who became King of Italy and Sicily, supported the arts and encouraged the birth of the first Italian literature with the Sicilian School.
At the time of Dante Alighieri Italy, in addition to the territorial significance, acquired a cultural and linguistic meaning; in the following centuries the historical and geographical individuality of Italy progressively became established and the anxiety of political unity emerged. From the fourteenth century the Italian language gradually spread and replaced Latin as the official language of the various Italian states. Italian pride emerged in many historical events, such as the Challenge of Barletta in 1503: thirteen Italian knights challenged thirteen French knights who had denigrated Italians.
In the seventeenth century Italy was in a phase of decline with the Spanish domination, which was followed by the Austrian domination. In the eighteenth century the project of a political unity of Italy was relaunched and at the end of the century the first signs of the Risorgimento appeared. In 1797 in Reggio Emilia, in the Cispadana Republic created by Napoleone, the tricolor flag was adopted and then became the flag of Italy. The Roman Republic (1798) and the Neapolitan Republic (1799) also are considered among the first signs of the Risorgimento.
The birth of the Italian State was anticipated in the Napoleonic period by the Italian Republic (1802) and the Kingdom of Italy (1805-1814). The Risorgimento epic, with great passions, revolutionary movements and wars of independence, led to the birth of the Kingdom of Italy March 17, 1861: the capital became Turin, Vittorio Emanuele II was proclaimed king of Italy.
Veneto returned to Italy after the third War of Independence (1866); Rome and Lazio joined the new state in 1870 and the following year Rome became the capital; Trentino, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Istria and Fiume became part of the Kingdom of Italy after the First world war. The defeat in the Second World War resulted in the loss of Istria and Dalmatia and triggered the persecution of Italians by the former Yugoslavia with the tragedy of the sinkholes. The territorial affair ended in 1954 with the return of Trieste to Italy. (Felice d’Adamo)

Tra vigile e vigilia

Nel viaggio tra le parole italiane alla ricerca del senso perduto oggi ho scelto di partire da una pagina del vocabolario di latino, in cui si trovano le parole legate al verbo vìgeo/vigère. Si tratta di un verbo intransitivo, cioè tale che, per completare il suo significato, non richiede nessun elemento lessicale aggiuntivo ... - LEGGI TUTTO

"Italia Italy" post

«Gli Stati che aderiscono al presente Trattato riaffermano la loro fede negli scopi e nei principi dello Statuto delle Nazioni Unite e il loro desiderio di vivere in pace con tutti i popoli e con tutti i governi. Si dicono determinati a salvaguardare la libertà dei loro popoli, il loro comune retaggio e la loro civiltà, fondati sui principi della democrazia, sulle libertà individuali e sulla preminenza del diritto». (Preambolo al Trattato della NATO, firmato a Washington il 4 aprile 1949)

EXPLICIT La fine di ...

Dei delitti e delle pene

di Cesare Beccaria

(Milano 1738-1794)

… Da quanto si è veduto finora può cavarsi un teorema generale molto utile, ma poco conforme all'uso, legislatore il più ordinario delle nazioni, cioè: perché ogni pena non sia una violenza di uno o di molti contro un privato cittadino, dev'essere essenzialmente pubblica, pronta, necessaria, la minima delle possibili nelle date circostanze, proporzionata a' delitti, dettata dalle leggi.

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