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L'ITALIA NELLA STORIA

* 8 maggio 1527: il navigatore veneziano Sebastiano Caboto è il primo europeo a navigare lungo il fiume Paranà in Sud America

* 8 maggio 1848: inizio della Battaglia di Cornuda (Treviso) tra lo Stato Pontificio e l’Austria durante la Prima Guerra di Indipendenza

* 8 maggio 1898: il Genoa vince il primo campionato italiano di calcio di serie A

INCIPIT L'inizio di ...

Il segreto di Pico

di Éric Deschodt (Francia 1937-*)

e Jean-Claude Lattès (Francia 1941-2018)

Il 17 novembre 1494 Jean-Giovanni Rollet entra a Firenze. Non è la prima volta, vive lì da sette anni, ma quel giorno è diverso. Alla sua destra, il re di Francia, dietro di lui, diecimila uomini. Diecimila uomini di un esercito come la Toscana non ne vedeva dai tempi della caduta dell’Impero romano. Carlo VIII, figlio di Luigi XI, dà inizio alle guerre d’Italia…

Grandi eventi

Lieve come il vento

Era fragile come un filo d’erba delle sue montagne e candido come un bambino. Tutto il contrario del nome che gli era stato imposto al battesimo e che nell’originale nordico lo indicava come “potente in battaglia”. Riziero toccava sì e no il metro e venti di altezza. Girava per la città come una nuvola bianca e ... -  LEGGI TUTTO

Cara italia, ...

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The long history of Italy winds through splendours and decadence. The name Italy is used initially in the sixth century BC to indicate the area corresponding to today's southern Calabria. In the following century the historian Antiochus of Syracuse wrote an essay on Italy, which in the fourth century includes the current southern regions south of Paestum. At the beginning of the III century BC it also includes Campania and after the First Punic War it reaches the Arno and Esino rivers between Tuscany and the Marches…

In the days of Augustus geographically and politically it was similar to that of today. In 27 BC the first Roman emperor divided Italy into eleven regions Sicily and Sardinia were external provinces like the rest of the empire. Precise borders were fixed and in the territory of the current Principality of Monaco the Romans built the Turbia Trophy with the inscription: Huc usque Italy, abhinc Gallia (So far Italy, hence the Gaul).
Italy is described by Pliny the Elder in the third book of the Naturalis Historia (77 AD), where the geographical extension was affirmed from the seas to the Alps, with the final statement: "This is Italy sacred to the gods".

An official recognition of Italy, which also included Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica, occurred in 292, when the Italic Diocese was established by the emperor Diocletian. When the Roman Empire fell (476), Odoacre declared himself King of Italy, a title that then passed to the Ostrogoth Theodoric when he dismissed Odoacre (493). In the 6th century the Byzantine emperor Justinian reconquered Italy, which he considered not a province, but the "lady of the provinces" ("domina provinciarum").
The territorial unity was broken with the arrival of the Lombards (568), who placed the capital in Pavia, while the capital of the Byzantines was in Ravenna. Between the seventh and tenth centuries the name Italy was limited to a part of the traditional territory and in the south there was the Duchy of Italy, which then became the Duchy of Benevento, while in Piedmont there was the Marca of Italy.
The birth of the Holy Roman Empire, with Charlemagne (800), led to an organization of the imperial territories that also included the Kingdom of Italy. The decadence of the Christian empire led to the reduction of the territory to Germany and central-northern Italy. The Northern Municipalities rebelled against the German emperor and, helped by the Pope and Sicily, defeated Federico Barbarossa. The autonomy claimed by many cities led to the affirmation of free Municipalities and Maritime Republics. The last splendours of the Empire were with Frederick II, who became King of Italy and Sicily, supported the arts and encouraged the birth of the first Italian literature with the Sicilian School.
At the time of Dante Alighieri Italy, in addition to the territorial significance, acquired a cultural and linguistic meaning; in the following centuries the historical and geographical individuality of Italy progressively became established and the anxiety of political unity emerged. From the fourteenth century the Italian language gradually spread and replaced Latin as the official language of the various Italian states. Italian pride emerged in many historical events, such as the Challenge of Barletta in 1503: thirteen Italian knights challenged thirteen French knights who had denigrated Italians.
In the seventeenth century Italy was in a phase of decline with the Spanish domination, which was followed by the Austrian domination. In the eighteenth century the project of a political unity of Italy was relaunched and at the end of the century the first signs of the Risorgimento appeared. In 1797 in Reggio Emilia, in the Cispadana Republic created by Napoleone, the tricolor flag was adopted and then became the flag of Italy. The Roman Republic (1798) and the Neapolitan Republic (1799) also are considered among the first signs of the Risorgimento.
The birth of the Italian State was anticipated in the Napoleonic period by the Italian Republic (1802) and the Kingdom of Italy (1805-1814). The Risorgimento epic, with great passions, revolutionary movements and wars of independence, led to the birth of the Kingdom of Italy March 17, 1861: the capital became Turin, Vittorio Emanuele II was proclaimed king of Italy.
Veneto returned to Italy after the third War of Independence (1866); Rome and Lazio joined the new state in 1870 and the following year Rome became the capital; Trentino, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Istria and Fiume became part of the Kingdom of Italy after the First world war. The defeat in the Second World War resulted in the loss of Istria and Dalmatia and triggered the persecution of Italians by the former Yugoslavia with the tragedy of the sinkholes. The territorial affair ended in 1954 with the return of Trieste to Italy. (Felice d’Adamo)

"Italia Italy" post

«Il Giro d’Italia è follia: solo una lucida pazzia può infatti spingerti a cento e più all'ora in discesa sotto la pioggia, o a scalare una montagna sui pedali sotto la neve, o a sprintare in mezzo ad altri dieci che ondeggiano, ti stringono, ti tagliano la strada. (Fabio Genovesi, scrittore e sceneggiatore, Forte dei Marmi-Lucca 1974-*)

EXPLICIT La fine di ...

Un giorno di fuoco

di Beppe Fenoglio

(Alba-Cuneo 1922-1963)

Tutti si voltarono in silenzio e lui potè veder bene Nella. Poi si rivoltarono e l’uomo ridiede al cavallo e se ne andarono. Lui non seguì oltre, perché l’aveva vista bene Nella e poi l’ultima curva della pedaggera era per lui la fine del mondo.

Se ne tornò a casa, così pronto e disposto, adesso, ad andar lontano da servitore.

Sogni lungimiranti

L’Europa di oggi è nata dai sogni lungimiranti di statisti “visionari”, che ci hanno regalato quattro generazioni senza guerre e un futuro aperto alle nuove sfide. I padri fondatori erano un gruppo eterogeneo di persone mosse dagli stessi ideali: la pace, l'unità e la prosperità in Europa. I loro nomi sono ormai ... - LEGGI TUTTO

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