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L'ITALIA NELLA STORIA

* 23 giugno 1607: apparizione della Madonna ad Ardesio (Bergamo)

* 23 giugno 1939: accordo tra Italia e Germania che consente ai cittadini dell’Alto Adige di lingua tedesca di rinunciare alla cittadinanza italiana e di trasferirsi nel terzo Reich

INCIPIT L'inizio di ...

Piccolo mondo antico

di Antonio Fogazzaro

(Vicenza 1842-1911)

Non rispondeva che l'eguale, assiduo tuonar delle onde sulla riva, il cozzar delle barche fra loro. Non c'era, si sarebbe detto, un cane vivo in tutto Casarico. Solo una vecchia voce flebile, una voce velata da ventriloquo, gemeva dalle tenebre del portico:

«Andiamo a piedi! Andiamo a piedi!»

Finalmente il Pin comparve dalla parte di San Mamette.

«Oh là!», gli fece Pasotti alzando le braccia. Quegli si mise a correre…

La musica del mare

Estate: voglia di mare, di relax, di sogni. Nasce dall’acqua la vita e il mare è stato cantato da tutti, da sempre. Il mistero degli abissi, la vita che nasce e si differenzia, l’incanto di uno sguardo senza confini, l’orizzonte che unisce acque e cielo, la calma, l’irrequietezza, la tempesta: il mare è tutto … - LEGGI TUTTO

Cara italia, ...

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Art. 35

The Republic protects work in all its forms and practices.It provides for the training and professional advancement of workers.

It promotes and encourages international agreements and organisations which have the aim of establishing and regulating labour rights.

It recognises the freedom to emigrate, subject to the obligations set out by law in the general interest, and protects Italian workers abroad.

Art. 36

Workers have the right to a remuneration commensurate to the quantity and ...

quality of their work and in all cases to an adequate remuneration ensuring them and their families a free and dignified existence.

Maximum daily working hours are established by law.Workers have the right to a weekly rest day and paid annual  holidays.

They cannot waive this right.

Art. 37

Working women have the same rights and are entitled to equal pay for equal work.

Working conditions must allow women to fulfil their essential role in the family and ensure special appropriate protection for the mother and child.

The law establishes the minimum age for paid work.

The Republic protects the work of minors by means of special provisions and guarantees them the right to equal pay for equal work.

Art. 38

Every citizen unable to work and without the necessary means of subsistence has a right to welfare support.

Workers have the right to be assured adequate means for their needs and necessities in the case of accidents, illness, disability, old age and involuntary unemployment.

Disabled and handicapped persons have the right to education and vocational training.

The duties laid down in this article are provided for by entities and institutions established by or supported by the State.

Private-sector assistance may be freely provided.

Art. 39

Trade unions have the right to organise themselves freely.

No obligations can be imposed on trade unions other than registration at local or central offices, according to the provisions of the law.

A condition for registration is that the statutes of the trade unions establish their internal organisation on a democratic basis.

Registered trade unions are legal persons.

They may, through a unified representation that is proportional to their membership, enter into collective labour agreements that have a mandatory effect for all persons belonging to the categories referred to in the agreement.

Art. 40

The right to industrial action shall be exercised in compliance with the law.

Art. 41

Private-sector economic initiative is freely exercised.It cannot be conducted in conflict with social usefulness or in such a manner that could damage safety, liberty and human dignity.

The law shall provide for appropriate programmes and controls so that public and private-sector economic activity may be oriented and co-ordinated for social purposes.

Art. 42

Property is publicly or privately owned. Economic assets belong to the State, to entities or to private persons.

Private property is recognised and guaranteed by the law, which prescribes the ways it is acquired, enjoyed and its limitations so as to ensure its social function and make it accessible to all.

Private property may, in the cases provided for by the law and with provisions for compensation, be expropriated for reasons of general interest.

The law establishes the regulations and limits of legitimate and testamentary inheritance and the rights of the State in matters of inheritance.

Art. 43

For purposes of general interest, specific enterprises or categories of enterprises related to essential public services, energy sources or monopolistic situations and which have a primary public interest, may be reserved from the outset to the State, public entities or communities of workers or users, or may be transferred to them by means of expropriation and payment of compensation.

Art. 44

For the purpose of ensuring the rational exploitation of land and equitable social relationships, the law imposes obligations and constraints on the private ownership of land; it sets limitations to the size of holdings according to the region and agricultural zone; encourages and imposes land reclamation, the conversion of latifundia and the reorganisation of farm units; and assists small and medium-sized holdings.

The law makes provisions in favour of mountainous areas.

Art. 45

The Republic recognises the social function of cooperation of a mutualistic, non-speculative nature.

The law promotes and encourages co-operation through appropriate means and ensures its character and purposes through adequate controls.

The law safeguards and promotes artisanal work.

Art. 46

For the economic and social betterment of workers and in harmony with the needs of production, the Republic recognises the rights of workers to collaborate in the management of enterprises, in the ways and within the limits established by law.

Art. 47

The Republic encourages and safeguards savings in all forms. It regulates, coordinates and oversees the operation of credit.The Republic promotes the access through citizens’ mutual savings to the ownership of housing and of directly cultivated land, as well as to direct and indirect investment in the equity of the large production complexes of the country.

 

 

 

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Constitution of the Italian Republic: Political Rights and Duties (Arts.48-54)

 

Art. 48

All citizens, male and female, who have attained their majority, are voters.

The vote is personal and equal, free and secret.

The exercise thereof is a civic duty.

The law lays down the requirements and modalities for citizens residing abroad to exercise their right to vote and guarantees that this right is effective. A constituency of Italians abroad shall be established for elections to the Houses of Parliament; the number of seats of such constituency is set forth in a constitutional provision according to criteria established by law.

The right to vote cannot be restricted except for civil incapacity or as a consequence of an irrevocable penal sentence or in cases of moral unworthiness as laid down by law.

Art. 49

All citizens have the right to freely associate in parties to contribute to determining national policies through democratic processes.

Art. 50

All citizens may present petitions to both Houses to request legislative measures or to express collective needs.

Art. 51

All citizens of either sex are eligible for public offices and for elective positions on equal terms, according to the conditions established by law. To this end, the Republic shall adopt specific measures to promote equal opportunities between women and men.

The law may grant Italians who are not resident in the Republic the same rights as citizens for the purposes of access to public offices and elected positions.

Whoever is elected to a public function is entitled to the time needed to perform that function and to retain previously held employment.

Art. 52

The defence of the Fatherland is a sacred duty for every citizen.

Military service is obligatory within the limits and in the manner set by law. Fulfilment thereof shall not prejudice a citizen’s employment, nor the exercise of political rights.

The organisation of the armed forces shall be based on the democratic spirit of the Republic.

Art. 53

Every person shall contribute to public expenditure in accordance with his/her tax-payer capacity.

The taxation system shall be based on criteria of progression.

Art. 54

All citizens have the duty to be loyal to the Republic and to uphold its Constitution and laws.

Those citizens to whom public functions are entrusted have the duty to fulfil such functions with discipline and honour, taking an oath in those cases established by law.

"Italia Italy" post

«Non sarò mai abbastanza cinico / da smettere di credere / che il mondo possa essere / migliore di com'è.
Ma non sarò neanche tanto stupido / da credere che il mondo / possa crescere / se non parto da me».
(Brunori Sas, cantautore, Cosenza 1977-*)

EXPLICIT La fine di ...

Il tempo ritrovato

di Marcel Proust

(Francia 1871-1922)

Mi sgomentava il pensiero che i miei trampoli fossero già così alti sotto i miei passi, non mi pareva che avrei avuto la forza di tenere ancora a lungo unito a me, quel passato che già scendeva così lontano. Pertanto, se quella forza mi fosse stata lasciata abbastanza a lungo da poter compiere la mia opera, non avrei mancato anzitutto di descrivervi gli uomini, quand’anche ciò avesse dovuto farli somigliare a esseri mostruosi, come occupanti un posto tanto considerevole, accanto a quello, così angusto, riservato loro nello spazio, un posto, al contrario, prolungato a dismisura, poiché essi toccano simultaneamente, come giganti immersi negli anni, epoche da loro vissute così distanti l’una dall’altra, tra le quali tanti giorni sono venuti a interporsi – nel Tempo.

Ciak con tante storie

Sfumature della Repubblica Ceca dal grigio al rosa, tra storie del passato e storie d’amore. C’è una Repubblica Ceca immortale, catturata da pellicole cinematografiche intramontabili e sempre più spesso dai ciak più recenti. A volte al naturale, spesso rimaneggiati per essere spacciati per altri luoghi ... - LEGGI TUTTO

Galleria degli Artisti

Test 6 Storia del '900

 

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