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Giorno dopo giorno ...


* 8 maggio 1527: il navigatore veneziano Sebastiano Caboto è il primo europeo a navigare lungo il fiume Paranà in Sud America

* 8 maggio 1848: inizio della Battaglia di Cornuda (Treviso) tra lo Stato Pontificio e l’Austria durante la Prima Guerra di Indipendenza

* 8 maggio 1898: il Genoa vince il primo campionato italiano di calcio di serie A

INCIPIT L'inizio di ...

Il segreto di Pico

di Éric Deschodt (Francia 1937-*)

e Jean-Claude Lattès (Francia 1941-2018)

Il 17 novembre 1494 Jean-Giovanni Rollet entra a Firenze. Non è la prima volta, vive lì da sette anni, ma quel giorno è diverso. Alla sua destra, il re di Francia, dietro di lui, diecimila uomini. Diecimila uomini di un esercito come la Toscana non ne vedeva dai tempi della caduta dell’Impero romano. Carlo VIII, figlio di Luigi XI, dà inizio alle guerre d’Italia…

Grandi eventi

Lieve come il vento

Era fragile come un filo d’erba delle sue montagne e candido come un bambino. Tutto il contrario del nome che gli era stato imposto al battesimo e che nell’originale nordico lo indicava come “potente in battaglia”. Riziero toccava sì e no il metro e venti di altezza. Girava per la città come una nuvola bianca e ... -  LEGGI TUTTO

Cara italia, ...

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Art. 55

Parliament consists of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic.

Parliament meets in joint session of the members of both Houses only in those cases established in the Constitution.

Art. 56

The Chamber of Deputies is elected by direct and universal suffrage.

The number of Deputies is six hundred and thirty, twelve of which are elected in the Overseas Constituency.

All voters who have attained the age of twenty-five on the day of elections are eligible to be Deputies. The division of ...

seats among the electoral districts, with the exception of the number of seats assigned to the Overseas Constituency, is obtained by dividing the number of inhabitants of the Republic, as shown by the latest general census of the population, by six hundred eighteen and distributing the seats in proportion to the population in every electoral district, on the basis of whole shares and the highest remainders.

Art. 57

The Senate of the Republic is elected on a regional basis, with the exception of the seats assigned to the Overseas Constituency.

The number of Senators to be elected is three hundred and fifteen, six of which are elected in the Overseas Constituency. No Region may have fewer than seven Senators; Molise shall have two, Valle d’Aosta one.

The division of seats among the Regions, with the exception of the number of seats assigned to the Overseas Constituency, in accordance with the provisions of the preceding Article, is made in proportion to the population of the Regions as revealed in the most recent general census, on the basis of whole shares and the highest remainders.

Art. 58

Senators are elected by universal and direct suffrage by voters who are twenty-five years of age.

Voters who have attained the age of forty are eligible to be elected to the Senate.

Art. 59

Former Presidents of the Republic are Senators by right and for life unless they renounce the office.

The President of the Republic may appoint five citizens who have honoured the Nation through their outstanding achievements in the social, scientific, artistic and literary fields as life Senators.

Art. 60

The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic are elected for five years.

The term for each House cannot be extended, except by law and only in the case of war.

Art. 61

Elections for the new Houses take place within seventy days from the end of the term of the previous Houses.

The first meeting is convened no later than twenty days after the elections.

Until such time as the new Houses meet, the powers of the previous Houses are extended.

Art. 62

The Houses shall convene by right on the first working day of February and October.

Each House may be convened in extraordinary session on the initiative of its President or the President of the Republic or a third of its members.

When one House is convened in extraordinary session, the other House is convened by right.

Art. 63

Each House shall elect from among its members its President and its Bureau.

When Parliament meets in joint session, the President and the Bureau are those of the Chamber of Deputies.

Art. 64

Each House adopts its own Rules by an absolute majority of its members.

The sittings are public; however, each of the Houses and Parliament in joint session may decide to convene a closed session.

The decisions of each House and of Parliament are not valid if the majority of the members is not present, and if they are not passed by a majority of those present, unless the Constitution prescribes a special majority.

Members of the Government, even when not members of the Houses, have the right, and, when requested, the obligation to attend the sittings.

They shall be heard every time they so request.

Art. 65

The law determines the cases of non-eligibility and incompatibility with the office of Deputy or Senator.

No one may be a member of both Houses at the same time.

Art. 66

Each House verifies the credentials of its members and the causes of ineligibility and incompatibility that may arise at a later stage.

Art. 67

Each Member of Parliament represents the Nation and carries out his/her duties without a binding mandate.

Art. 68

Members of Parliament cannot be held accountable for the opinions expressed or votes cast in the performance of their function.

Without the authorisation of their respective House, Members of Parliament may not be submitted to personal or home search, nor may they be arrested or otherwise deprived of their personal freedom, nor held in detention, except when a final court sentence is enforced, or when the Member is apprehended in the act of committing an offence for which arrest flagrante delicto is mandatory.

The same authorisation is required for Members of Parliament to be submitted to the surveillance of their conversations or communication, in any form, and to the seizure of their correspondence.

Art. 69

Members of Parliament shall receive an allowance established by law.

Art. 70

The legislative function is exercised collectively by both Houses.

Art. 71

Legislation is initiated by the Government, by each Member of Parliament and by those entities and bodies so empowered by constitutional law.

The people may initiate legislation by proposing a bill drawn up in sections and signed by at least fifty thousand voters.

Art. 72

Every bill submitted to one of the Houses is, in accordance with its Rules, considered by a Committee and then by the House itself, which approves it section by section and with a final vote.

The Rules establish shortened procedures for draft legislation that has been declared urgent.

They may also establish in which cases and in what manner the consideration and approval of bills is deferred to Committees, including Standing Committees, composed so as to reflect the proportion of the Parliamentary Groups.

Even in such cases, until the moment of its final approval, the bill may be referred back to the House, if the Government or one tenth of the members of the House or one-fifth of the Committee request that it be debated and voted on by the House itself or that it be submitted to the House for final approval, with only explanations of vote.

The Rules establish the ways in which the proceedings of Committees are made public.

The regular procedure for consideration and direct approval by the House is always followed in the case of bills on constitutional and electoral matters, enabling legislation, the ratification of international treaties and the approval of budgets and accounts.

Art. 73

Laws are promulgated by the President of the Republic within one month of their approval.

If the Houses, each by an absolute majority of its members, declare a law to be urgent, the law is promulgated within the deadline established therein.

Laws are published immediately after promulgation and come into force on the fifteenth day following publication, unless the laws themselves establish a different deadline.

Art. 74

The President of the Republic, before promulgating a law, may request the Houses, with a reasoned message, to deliberate again

If the Houses once more pass the bill once again, then the law must be promulgated.

Art. 75

A popular referendum shall be held to abrogate, totally or partially, a law or a measure having the force of law, when requested by five hundred thousand voters or five Regional Councils.

Referenda are not admissible in the case of tax, budget, amnesty and pardon laws, or laws authorising the ratification of international treaties.

All citizens eligible to vote for the Chamber of Deputies have the right to participate in referenda.

The proposal subjected to a referendum is approved if the majority of those with voting rights have participated in the vote and a majority of votes validly cast has been reached.

The procedures for conducting a referendum shall be established by law.

Art. 76

The exercise of the legislative function may not be delegated to the Government unless principles and criteria have been established and then only for a limited time and for specified purposes.

Art. 77

The Government may not, without an enabling act from the Houses, issue decrees having the force of ordinary law.

When in extraordinary cases of necessity and urgency the Government adopts provisional measures having the force of law, it must on the same day present said measures for confirmation to the Houses which, even if dissolved, shall be summoned especially for this purpose and shall convene within five days.

The decrees lose effect from their inception if they are not confirmed within sixty days from their publication.

The Houses may however regulate by law legal relationships arising out of not confirmed decrees.

Art. 78

The Houses deliberate the state of war and confer the necessary powers on the Government.

Art. 79

Amnesty and pardon are granted with a law approved by a two-thirds majority in both Houses, for each section and in the final vote.

The law granting an amnesty or pardon establishes the deadline for its implementation.

Amnesty and pardon cannot in any case apply to offences committed following the introduction of the bill in Parliament.

Art. 80

The Houses authorise by law the ratification of international treaties which are of a political nature, or which call for arbitration or legal settlements, or which entail changes to the national territory or financial burdens or changes to legislation.

Art. 81

The Houses approve every year the budgets and accounts submitted by the Government.

The provisional budget cannot be granted unless by law and for periods not exceeding a total of four months.It is not possible to introduce new taxes and new expenditures in the law approving the budget.

Any other law involving new or increased expenditures must specify the resources to meet these expenditures.

Art. 82

Each House may conduct inquiries on matters of public interest.

For such purposes, it appoints a Committee so composed as to reflect the proportional representation of the Parliamentary Groups.

The Committee of inquiry conducts its investigations and examinations with the same powers and the same limitations as a judicial authority.

"Italia Italy" post

«Il Giro d’Italia è follia: solo una lucida pazzia può infatti spingerti a cento e più all'ora in discesa sotto la pioggia, o a scalare una montagna sui pedali sotto la neve, o a sprintare in mezzo ad altri dieci che ondeggiano, ti stringono, ti tagliano la strada. (Fabio Genovesi, scrittore e sceneggiatore, Forte dei Marmi-Lucca 1974-*)

EXPLICIT La fine di ...

Un giorno di fuoco

di Beppe Fenoglio

(Alba-Cuneo 1922-1963)

Tutti si voltarono in silenzio e lui potè veder bene Nella. Poi si rivoltarono e l’uomo ridiede al cavallo e se ne andarono. Lui non seguì oltre, perché l’aveva vista bene Nella e poi l’ultima curva della pedaggera era per lui la fine del mondo.

Se ne tornò a casa, così pronto e disposto, adesso, ad andar lontano da servitore.

Sogni lungimiranti

L’Europa di oggi è nata dai sogni lungimiranti di statisti “visionari”, che ci hanno regalato quattro generazioni senza guerre e un futuro aperto alle nuove sfide. I padri fondatori erano un gruppo eterogeneo di persone mosse dagli stessi ideali: la pace, l'unità e la prosperità in Europa. I loro nomi sono ormai ... - LEGGI TUTTO

Galleria degli Artisti

Test 7 Letteratura '900


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